Telangiectasia is a condition where tiny veins cause red patterns on the skin, commonly occurring on the nose, cheeks and chest, though can appear anywhere on the body.
It is the result of damaged fibers that can no longer support underlying vessels, causing vessel dilation. The dilated vessel coils toward the surface of the skin, thereby becoming visible.
These tiny blood vessels result in red clusters on the skin, and are often referred to as spider veins because of their fine and web-like appearance.
Other abnormalities in blood vessels include cherry angiomas (tiny red dots on the skin). The majority of cases of telangiectasia are benign, however a full doctors consultation is essential as they can also be a sign of underlying illness.
Telangiectasia can often be uncomfortable and many find them unattractive and unsightly. In the case of spider veins, these may be due to underlying venous incompetence (such as varicose veins) and can be painful and associated with other symptoms.
Spider veins, telangiectasia and dilated capillaries often develop gradually with age but may be exacerbated by underlying health issues such as obesity, hormones and sun damage.
- Pain (related to pressure on the blood vessels)
- Red thread like patterns on the skin
- Blotchy red areas on the skin
- Isolated red dots on the skin (cherry angiomas)